首页baitbait的意思

bait

英 [beɪt] 美[bet]
  • vt. 引诱;在…中放诱饵;折磨
  • n. 饵;诱饵
  • vi. 中途休息
  • n. (Bait)人名;(意)巴伊特

CET6+TEM4IELTSGRE考研CET6中低频词常用词汇

词态变化


复数: baits;第三人称单数: baits;过去式: baited;过去分词: baited;现在分词: baiting;

助记提示


1. bite => bait.
2. literally "cause to bite" => "food" => "food put on a hook or trap to lure prey".
3. bait           中途休息,饵,引诱 “中途休息时不要被他引诱” 

中文词源


bait 诱饵

词源同bite , 咬。诱使鱼咬钩或狗咬人。

英文词源


bait
bait: [13] Etymologically, the verb bait means ‘cause to bite’. It comes from Old Norse beita, a causative version of bita ‘bite’ (related to English bite). This took two semantic paths in English. In its aggressive mode, it meant literally ‘set dogs on someone’, and hence by figurative extension ‘harrass, persecute’. More peaceably, it signified ‘feed an animal’.

And this sense of ‘food provided’ is reflected in the noun bait, which comes partly from the verb, partly from the related Old Norse nouns beit ‘pasturage’ and beita ‘fish bait’. Old Norse beita was probably borrowed into Old French as beter, which with the prefix aproduced abeter, source of English abet [14], originally meaning ‘urge on, incite’.

=> abet, bite
bait (n.)
"food put on a hook or trap to lure prey," c. 1300, from Old Norse beita "food," related to Old Norse beit "pasture," Old English bat "food," literally "to cause to bite" (see bait (v.)). Figurative sense "anything used as a lure" is from c. 1400.
bait (v.1)
"to torment or goad (someone unable to escape, and to take pleasure in it)," c. 1300, beyten